Ectopic Pregnancy: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

There are certain steps of pregnancy that occurs in women’s body from fertilization to delivery. One of the essential steps is the access of fertilized egg to the uterus via travelling by itself. Sometimes the fertilized egg doesn’t attach to the uterus but may attach to some other place such as a fallopian tube, cervix or abdominal Cavity and this case is known as Ectopic Pregnancy.

When the test of pregnancy reveals that the woman is pregnant, the egg cannot attach wherever other than the uterus. As per the research and survey, it is determined that the case of ectopic pregnancy only occurs in one out of the fifty pregnant women. When the case of ectopic pregnancy cannot be treated on time can lead to a medical emergency. Punctual treatment decreases the risk factors of complications because of ectopic pregnancy and does increase the chances of a healthy pregnancy and lessens future health complications.

In most of the cases, ectopic pregnancy happens in the fallopian tube as it carries the egg to the uterus from the ovaries. This type of pregnancy where the egg is attached to the fallopian tube is known as “tubal pregnancy”. There are some other cases where the egg is attached to some other parts of in a woman’s body such as an abdominal cavity, ovary, cervix (lower part of the uterus) that united to the vagina. This type of pregnancy cannot have a normal or easy procedure. The egg that has been fertilized into the other parts other than uterus doesn’t survive and the tissues might cause severe bleeding if they cannot be treated at the right time. Such cases are handled at most IVF clinic in Mumbai and people looking for IVF treatment in Mumbai opt for it.

IVF treatment in Mumbai

What Causes Ectopic Pregnancy?

The reason for ectopic pregnancy is hard to predict as it is not common every time. There are few conditions that lead to ectopic pregnancy such as:

  1. A medical condition that influences the condition and shape of the reproductive organ and fallopian tubes.
  2. Birth Defects.
  3. Hormonal Factors.
  4. Scarring and inflammation of the fallopian tubes from a past medical condition, surgery or infection.
  5. Genetic Abnormalities.

You need to tell about your conditions to your doctor.

What are the symptoms of Ectopic Pregnancy?

Breast soreness and Nausea are main and common symptoms of uterine and ectopic pregnancies. There are several other symptoms that you might observe in ectopic pregnancy and can specify a medical emergency.

  1. Dizziness or fainting.
  2. Sharps waves of pain in the abdomen, shoulder, pelvis and neck.
  3. Rectal pressure.
  4. Light to heavy vaginal bleeding or spotting.
  5. Brutal pain that happens on one side of the abdomen.

You must contact your doctor and ask for immediate treatment if you understand that you are pregnant and notice some of these symptoms.

What is the treatment of Ectopic Pregnancy?

Medication

Your doctor might decide that instantaneous impediments are doubtful. In this case, they can prescribe you numerous medications that prevent the ectopic mass from bursting.

Surgery

There are several surgeries that can be suggested in which doctors remove the embryo and repair any damage internally. The procedure is known as “Laparotomy”.